Everything You Need To Know About Coronavirus

The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person. Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet). Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.  It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

People are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest).  Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this occurring with this new coronavirus, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads. How easily a virus spreads from person-to-person can vary. Some viruses are highly contagious (spread easily), like measles, while other viruses do not spread as easily. Another factor is whether the spread is sustained.

The virus that causes COVID-19 seems to be spreading easily and sustainably in the community (“community spread”) in some affected geographic areas. Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.

Symptoms of common human coronaviruses:

  • runny nose

  • sore throat

  • headache

  • fever

  • cough

  • general feeling of being unwell

Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and older adults.

Transmission of common human coronaviruses

Common human coronaviruses usually spread from an infected person to others through

  • the air by coughing and sneezing

  • close personal contact, like touching or shaking hands

  • touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands

In the United States, people usually get infected with common human coronaviruses in the fall and winter, but you can get infected at any time of the year. Young children are most likely to get infected, but people can have multiple infections in their lifetime.

Preventing viral respiratory infections

Protect yourself from getting sick

  • wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds

  • avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands

  • avoid close contact with people who are sick

Protect others when you are sick

  • stay home while you are sick

  • avoid close contact with others

  • cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing

  • clean and disinfect objects and surfaces

Treatment for common human coronaviruses

There is no vaccine to protect you against human coronaviruses and there are no specific treatments for illnesses caused by human coronaviruses. Most people with common human coronavirus illness will recover on their own. However, to relieve your symptoms you can:

  • take pain and fever medications (Caution: do not give aspirin to children)

  • use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease

  • a sore throat and cough

  • drink plenty of liquids

  • stay home and rest

If you are concerned about your symptoms, contact your healthcare provider.

Information provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 


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Tara Staples, Founder & Editor
Tara  Staples is a Detroit based Blogger with an BA in English from Marygrove College, She is an aspiring screenplay writer who enjoys films, food, music, and travel.

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